8. Conserving archaeological resources. Stratigraphy: The concept of stratigraphy in geology had been based on the publication of the book Principles of Geology by Sir Charles Lyell in 1830.8. Conserving archaeological resources. Stratigraphy: The concept of stratigraphy in geology had been based on the publication of the book Principles of Geology by Sir Charles Lyell
Who developed the concept of stratigraphy?
priest Nicholas Steno Catholic priest Nicholas Steno established the theoretical basis for stratigraphy when he introduced the law of superposition, the principle of original horizontality and the principle of lateral continuity in a 1669 work on the fossilization of organic remains in layers of sediment.
Why stratigraphy is important?
Stratigraphy, scientific discipline concerned with the description of rock successions and their interpretation in terms of a general time scale. It provides a basis for historical geology, and its principles and methods have found application in such fields as petroleum geology and archaeology.
What are the four laws of stratigraphy?
Stenos laws of stratigraphy describe the patterns in which rock layers are deposited. The four laws are the law of superposition, law of original horizontality, law of cross-cutting relationships, and law of lateral continuity.
How do you read stratigraphy?
Stratigraphy refers to layers of sediment, debris, rock, and other materials that form or accumulate as the result of natural processes, human activity, or both. An individual layer is called a stratum; multiple layers are called strata.